Eat For Your Life! Top Anti-Angiogenesis Foods Part 1
In Greek, “angio” means vessels and “genesis” is birth. Blocking angiogenesis enables us to undercut cancer’s spread. Angiogenesis is the process our bodies use to grow new bloods vessels. Cancers can hijack this process to recruit their own private blood supply to feed themselves. Without these lifelines, cancers remain tiny and can’t become dangerous. Many foods and beverages contain natural cancer-starving molecules that prevent tumors from acquiring blood vessels.
Quinoa: Many of the phenolic substances identified in quinoa, including genistein, quercetin, and kaempferol, have antiangiogenic properties, or the ability to inhibit new blood vessel growth, and also suppress the proliferation of cancer cells. The edible seeds of the quinoa plant are rich in protein, unsaturated fats, and essential vitamins and minerals. Quinoa also contains beneficial polyphenols that may help to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease and cancer.
Flaxseed: Studies have shown that regular consumption of flaxseed, also known as linseed, increases levels of a natural angiogenesis inhibitor called endostatin. In the study, healthy premenopausal women who had 25 grams of freshly ground flaxseed added to their daily diets had significant increases in levels of endostatin in their breast tissue. Endostatin is an endogenous (naturally occurring) substance in the body that inhibits angiogenesis. This is one of the first studies to show that a particular food can raise levels of an endogenous inhibitor of angiogenesis in the body.
Oolong Tea: Oolong tea is a partially fermented tea that is consumed heavily in Asian countries. Like green tea and black tea, oolong contains substances called polyphenols that have been shown to have chemopreventive (cancer-preventing) properties. The major primary polyphenols in unfermented green tea leaves are catechins, with (-)-epigallocate- chin-gallate (EGCG) being the primary active component. EGCG has been shown in numerous studies to have antiangiogenic and anti-tumor activities.
Grapes: Grapes and red wine are high in polyphenols, powerful antioxidants that have been shown in numerous studies to have anti-cancer, anti-inflammatory and heart-protecting effects. Extracts from grapes and their seeds contain various polyphenols with anti-cancer and anti-inflammatory activity, including resveratrol, gallic acid, epigallocatechin-gallate (EGCG), epigallocatechin (ECG), epicatechin-3-gallate, epicatechin, and proanthocyanidins. The cancer-fighting properties of these compounds have been attributed to their ability to inhibit proliferation of tumors cells and to suppress the growth of tumor blood vessels (angiogenesis).
Chocolate and Cocoa: Chocolate, the fermented byproduct from processed cocoa, contains high levels of bioactive flavanoids (polyphenols) that are formed during the fermentation process. Two flavanoids in particular, catechins and procyanidins, are highly concentrated in dark chocolate and cocoa powder. Observational studies indicate that catechins and procyanidins may protect against a number of chronic diseases, notably cardiovascular disease and cancer.The cancer-protecting (chemoprotective) activity of catechins and procyanidins is likely related to their ability to inhibit proliferation of cancer cells, remove toxins from the body, reduce inflammation, and suppress angiogenesis.
1. Gomez-Caravaca AM, J Agric Food Chem 2011;59:10815-10825 2. Man S, Fitoterapia 2010; 81:703-714 3. Nilsson Aberg UW, PLoS One 2011;6(9):e25720 4. Hou D-X, J Agric Food Chem 2010 5. Liu M, J Food Sci 2010; 75(6): T99-T104 6. Maskarinec G, Nutr & Cancer 2009;61(5):573-579 7. Weisburger JH, Exp Bio Med 2001; 226(10):891-897