Eating to defeat cancer can simply be done by adding a few cancer fighting angio foods to your meals each day. Why not choose foods that can help reduce your risk of disease? We've listed more anti-angiogenic foods to help you get the most cancer fighting benefits from your diet. Eat up!
Walnuts: Walnuts contain a number of compounds with anti-tumor effects. One of these, ellagic acid, has been shown to inhibit colon cancer cell proliferation and angiogenesis in a number of laboratory studies. Flaxseed oil has a similar effect as walnuts on tumor growth, but doesn not suppress angiogenesis to the same degree.
Tomato Sauce: Tomatoes and processed tomato products contain lycopene, a cartenoid antioxidant with potent antioxidant and antiangiogenic activity. Regular consumption of foods containing lycopene has been found to reduce the risk for some cancers, making it intriguing as a dietary supplement for cancer prevention. In a recent study, researchers found that regular consumption of tomato paste can protect against skin damage caused by exposure to ultraviolet radiation (UVR), such as occurs with long-term sun exposure.
Papaya and other bright colored fruits: Recent studies have provided more evidence that foods high in carotenoids, natural organic pigments with antiangiogenic properties, could lower the risk of certain cancers. Carotenoids such as lycopene, are found in many brightly colored fruits and vegetables. The tropical fruit papaya is a particularly good source. One study found that consumption of high levels of carotenoids from papayas was associated with a 50% risk reduction of breast cancer. Papaya is high in the carotenoid beta-cryptoxanthin, and has also demonstrated a reduction in the risk of gallbladder cancer. These findings are illuminating because they suggest that the benefits of carotenoid circulation are most effective in women with a higher risk of breast cancer.
Avacados: Avocados contain antiangiogenic compounds such as lutein that are being studied for their cancer-fighting abilities. In laboratory mice, lutein was shown to have a significant protective effect against colon cancer. In other research, lutein was used to prevent the proliferation of blood vessels in the eyes of mice. This may eventually prove valuable in preventing eye diseases spurred by uncontrolled blood vessel growth, a process that can ultimately cause blindness. Finally, recent research has suggested that the content of carotenoids like lutein is highest in avocados that have been ripened for less than 10 days after harvesting.
Coffee: Epidemiological studies have shown that people who regularly drink coffee are at reduced risk for several types of cancer. In one pooled analysis of two prospective cohort studies, Japanese researchers found about a 40% decreased risk of primary liver cancer among people who drank at least one cup of coffee per day compared with those who didn’t drink any. Coffee contains hundreds of bioactive substances including chlorogenic acid, some of which are anti-inflammatory and antiangiogenic. Unfiltered coffee contains another substance called kahweol which was shown in a series of experiments to be a potent inhibitor of angiogenesis.
References: 1. Nagel JN; Nutrition (2011), doi:10.1016, 2. Giovannucci E; J Natl Cancer Inst. 2002 Mar 6;94(5):391-8; 3. Huang CS Liao JW, J Nutr. 2008, 138(3):538-43,4. Zhang CX, Int J Cancer 2009; 125(1):181-188.2; 5. Maskarinec G, Nut and Cancer 2009, 61(5):573-579, 6. Weisburger JH, Exp Bio MEd 2001;2269(10):891-897